The focus for science in grade six is to provide students with a foundation for hands-on experiences that allow for the active engagement and concrete examples that these students require in order to understand basic science concepts. Sixth graders continue to develop the investigative skills they have been acquiring since kindergarten, now expanding them to include the skill of differentiating between observation and inference. Specifically, students explore the life, earth, and physical sciences within the framework of the following topics: “Structures, Processes, and Responses of Plants” (structure and function of plants); “Structures, Processes, and Responses of Animals” (structure and function of animals); “Earth’s Atmosphere and Weather” (atmospheric properties and processes); and “Conservation of Energy” (properties of energy, work, and machines). The science standards for the sixth grade provide the foundation for a course that is based on a rich and wide variety of learning experiences that actively engage students and accommodate a broad range of student learning styles through varied materials and instructional strategies. Students should observe, interact with materials and with people, and ask questions as they explore new concepts and expand their knowledge.